The study of any modern language has a unique contribution to make to the development of cultural awareness, as it provides pupils with a means of communicating directly with people from different cultures, enhancing their understanding and enjoyment of other cultures and of their own. They gain insights into other ways of thinking and other views of the world, and therefore develop a much richer understanding of active citizenship. Pupils encounter a wide range of different types of texts in different media. As with any modern language, studying Spanish, either in the Broad General education or the Senior Phase, enables pupils to communicate, be critical thinkers, develop cultural awareness, and be creative. Spanish is the second most natively spoken language in the world. It is the primary language of 20 countries worldwide and it is estimated that the combined total number of Spanish speakers is between 470 and 500 million. Spanish is the second most studied language and second language in international communication and every year the number of people studying Spanish world-wide grows significantly.